The infinitive conveys a verb that has no tense or relation to a noun.
In English, if you look up a verb in the dictionary, it will give you the verb in the infinitive. These verbs can be either preceded
to, succeeded by
ing or not at all.
In Hungarian, the base-verb (taken from the 3rd person singular indefinite) is only succeeded by
-ni. It also does not have any definite or indefinite conjugation.
When using the infinitive, be aware that it won’t always line up with the base-verb. There are two cases:
Case 1: Vowel Harmony
Depending on how the verb ends will determine if it has a linking vowel or not. The two forms of vowel harmony are
If the verb ends in
-ít it will receive a linking vowel.
Or if the verb ends in two consonants it will also receive a linking vowel.
Case 2: Irregular verb
The verb that you are using could in fact be an irregular verb, in which case it will have different conjugations and possibly a different infinitive). Here is a list of all the irregular verbs, bolds and italics are there to help indicate pattern.
|megy (he/she/it goes)||menni|
|eszik (he/she/it eats)||enni|
|iszik (he/she/it drinks)||inni|
|fő (he/she/it cooks)||főzni|
|tesz (he/she/it puts/does)||tenni|
|vesz (he/she/it take/buys||venni|
|visz (he/she/it brings)||vinni|
|hisz (he/she/it believes)||hinni|
|alszik (he/she/it sleeps)||aludni|
|nyugszik (he/she/it rests)||nyugodni|
|fekszik (he/she/it lies)||feküdni|
|jön (he/she/it comes)||jönni|
|sző (he/she/it weaves)||szőni|
|lő (he/she/it shoots)||lőni|
|nő (he/she/it grows)||nőni|
|ró (he/she/it carves/punishes/mandates)||róni|
|tagad (he/she/it denies)||tagadni|
|fogad (he/she/it receives)||fogadni|
|szenved (he/she/it suffers)||szenvedni|
|enged (he/she/it allows)||engedni|
|téved (he/she/it errs)||tévedni|
It is worth noting that to cheer in Hungarian, you wouldn’t say you can do it! but rather
menni fog or
They literally mean it will go and it will succeed respectively.