The Imperative and Subjunctive Mood

The Imperative Mood


The imperative mood can be expressed by adding on -j to the end of the verb unless it’s an irregular verb. Here are some examples:

Format: indef. – def.

Pronoun Mond Van/Lesz Jön Megy Néz
én mondjak–mondjam legyek jöjjek Menjek nézzek–nézzem
te mondj–mondjad/mondd légy/legyél gyere Menj nézz–nézzed/nézd
ő mondjon–mondja legyen jöjjön Menjen nézzen–nézze
mi mondjunk–mondjuk legyünk jöjjünk Menjünk nézzünk–nézzük
ti mondjatok–mondjátok legyetek gyertek Menjetek nézzetek–nézzétek
ők mondjanak–mondják legyenek jöjjenek Menjenek nézzenek–nézzék

See how for the most part, verbs have a short and long form in the second person.

Examples:

Note: Mi újság is often shortened to mizu

Challenge!

siet Siessetek már, mert itthagynak! (Original image, merging free images together)

Hurry up (guys), because they’re leaving!

Listening

Gollam and Szméagol are talking, try to work out what they are saying! Taken from Lord of The Rings, The Two Towers (film).












Use of nouns

Hungarian makes the distinction between addressing someone (with imperatives) and specifying the action to do. The latter is achieved by using verbs that are formed into nouns using -ás,-és. You are more likely to hear this in the army and also when you change your device’s language to Hungarian, as options will be displayed this way.

The Subjunctive Mood


The Subjunctive mood expresses a wish or a suggestion. Nowadays (in English at least) it is rarely used, but still exists in some phrases.

In Hungarian, the subjunctive mood uses the same form as the imperative. It is used to suggest or as the structure x happens/happened so that y will/will not happen.

Alex: Ma mit csináljunk? - (What should we do today?)

Barnabás: Menjünk az állatkertbe. - (Let’s go to the zoo.)

Alex: Jó ötlet. - (Good idea.)

Challenge!

pingvin Azért jöttem, hogy segítsek. (Original image, merging free images together)

I came to help


Yet to Learn