The Imperative and Subjunctive Mood

The Imperative Mood

The imperative mood can be expressed by adding on -j before the verb conjugation unless it’s an irregular verb.

In some cases, the -j changes to fit the letter before it. For example, instead of nézjek we get nézzek. This applies to all verbs ending in z.

Here are some examples:

Format: indef. – def.

Pronoun Mond (regular conjugation) Van/Lesz Jön Megy Néz
én mondjak–mondjam legyek jöjjek menjek nézzek–nézzem
te mondj (mondjál)–mondd (mondjad) légy (legyél) gyere menj (menjél) nézz (nézzél)–nézd (nézzed)
ő mondjon–mondja legyen jöjjön menjen nézzen–nézze
mi mondjunk–mondjuk legyünk jöjjünk menjünk nézzünk–nézzük
ti mondjatok–mondjátok legyetek gyertek menjetek nézzetek–nézzétek
ők mondjanak–mondják legyenek jöjjenek menjenek nézzenek–nézzék

See how for the most part, in the second person there is a short and a long way of conjugation. The difference is mostly stylistic, but in most cases the shorter form tends to be used.


Alex: Ma mit csináljunk? - (What should we do today?)

Barnabás: Menjünk az állatkertbe. - (Let’s go to the zoo.)

Alex: Jó ötlet. - (Good idea.)

Note: Mi újság is often shortened to mizu in casual speech.


siet Siessetek már, mert itthagynak! (Original image, merging free images together)

Hurry up (guys), because they’re leaving!


Gollam and Szméagol are talking, try to work out what they are saying! Taken from Lord of The Rings, The Two Towers (film).

Use of nouns

Hungarian makes the distinction between addressing someone (with imperatives) and specifying the action to do. The latter is achieved by using verbs that are formed into nouns using -ás,-és. You are more likely to hear this in the army and also when you change your device’s language to Hungarian, as options will be displayed this way.

The Subjunctive Mood

The Subjunctive mood expresses a wish or a suggestion. Nowadays (in English at least) it is rarely used, but still exists in some phrases.

In Hungarian, the subjunctive mood uses the same verb conjugation as the imperative, shown above. It is used to suggest, or as the structure x happens/happened so that y will/will not happen.


pingvin Azért jöttem, hogy segítsek. (Original image, merging free images together)

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