In English, to express that we need something,
kell, is the verb for it is needed/required. The verb is intransitive, meaning that there is only indefinite conjugation. When something is required, or someone needs something we use
It is a verb all on its own, but when used for expressing need only the third person is used. Click here to see the full conjugation.
|Pronoun||Past indef.||Present indef.||Present indef. cond.|
Note: Remember that the past conditional is formed by just adding
volna to the past tense.
To express that you need something, just use
kell. If you need to emphasise the person/thing use the dative case.
To stress that the person/object needs to do something, then you can conjugate the infinitive.
Remember the infinitive? It’s the
-ni ending, and this can be personalised using different types of conjugations (hence the name).
Ki kell jönnöd a vízből! (Original image, merging free images together)
You need to come out of the water!
kapitány and the
közlegény are talking, try to work out what they are saying! Taken from Madagascar (film).
If you want to express “should”, rather than “have/need to” then use the conditional of
kéne as a short slang.
Another and less used way to express need is to use
muszáj which basically translates to must, again this is used for things that have to be done. Just like how must isn’t used a lot in English,
muszáj isn’t used that much either. You may see it in literature or occasionally hear it in speech.
Muszáj elpusztítanod a gyűrűt, hogy megmentse a világot. (Free image by NidoArt, fetched from Wikimedia Commons)
You must destroy the ring to save the world.
You could also use
szükség as a more formal way of needing something. The format (which is subject to word order) is outlined below:
szükség[possession ending] van [something]-(ra/re)
Szükségem van a ruhádra, a csizmádra és a motorodra. - Arnold Schwarzenegger, The Terminator 2 (Free image by OpenClipart-Vectors, fetched from pixabay.com)
I need your clothes, your boots and your motorcycle.