Recall from the last section:
The topic goes first, and the thing that is to be emphasised goes before the verb.
So while the coverb remains attached to the verb, the verb is emphasised and the sentence remains neutral. However, when the coverb is detached (and moves to the right), it is no longer blocking the emphasis from the word before. Thus the word order may change and different things can be emphasised.
But it isn’t that simple, let’s explore all the different scenarios.
Here is how the situation goes down generally.
a mohó róka)
This detachment can also be seen when a verb and a telic verb in the infinitive are used together. Whatever is in front, is emphasised.
It’s the same deal with the conjugated infinitive.
kell. As opposed to not needing to.)
kell or starts the sentence is emphasised. Similar ordering is seen using
sikerült and the conjugated infinitive.
sikerült. It didn’t fail.)
meg. We set out to solve it, and it was solved.)
Whenever a sentence is negated, the coverbs are always detached.
Nem találtam meg a kulcsot. - (I didn’t find the key. Negated)
Because of the coverb always separating when present in a negated sentence, negated verbs are a kind of emphasis.
Likewise the detachment is present when using
fog as well. The position of the coverb can be placed before a word that is before
a mohó róka)
a csirkét, Focus:
fog into a present tense sentence with coverbs changes things up.
We saw here that a coverb has to jump in front of both verbs, if it wants to be emphasised.
When coverbs are present in a non yes-no question, they are usually separated (regardless if negation is present or not).
In the imperative mood, the coverb is always detached.
In the subjunctive mood, the coverb is usually attached.
Arrange these words into a sentence that puts focus on
ötször. Decide if the coverb should be separated.
Az a fiú olyan ügyetlen, már ötször ejtette el a labdát.
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