Knowing how to count is essential in any language, numbers are absolutely everywhere. Here are the first 10 numbers with a rhyme to remember them (keep in mind there are many variations of this rhyme).
|1. egy||megérett a meggy||the cherry has ripened|
|2. kettő||feneketlen teknő||bottomless trough|
|3. három||te vagy az én párom||you are my mate|
|4. négy||megcsípett a légy||the fly nipped me|
|5. öt||érik a tök||the pumpkin is ripening|
|6. hat||hasad a pad||the bench is splitting|
|7. hét||dörög az ég||the sky is thundering|
|8. nyolc||leszakadt a polc||the shelf fell apart|
|9. kilenc||kis Ferenc||little Ferenc|
|10. tíz||tiszta víz||clean water|
Also, 0 is
nulla. If you want to say one hundred, two thousand etc., just follow the number by the quantification.
Note the absence of a space.
kettő comes before something or after a number, it is usually shortened to
két. That being said, one can say
kettő to clear things up so as not to confuse it with
Last but not least, here are the numbers 10-90, sadly there are no rhymes for these.
The numbers after tíz and húsz change the form.
Also note that even some of the numbers follow vowel-harmony.
When answering, you don’t have to answer with a precise number, you could instead decide to give an approximate value instead.
Látod azt a két fát odakint? Az alkoholista négyet lát. (Original image, merging free images together)
Do you see those two tress over there? The alcoholic sees four.
mióta literally means since when. It is important to know that if you answer these types of questions with a number, you need to add the possessive ending.
Barnabás: Mióta tanulsz magyarul? - (How long have you been learning hungarian?)
Oszkár: Egy éve - (For a year)
Barnabás: Csak egy éve?! Nagyon jól beszélsz! - (Only for a year?! You speak very well!)
These two words are both used for asking how much? but in different ways.
Mennyi? is generally used for asking things that can be considered uncountable and sometimes for things that are countable, while
hány? is used specifically for things that can be counted.
Money is treated as uncountable, hence
mennyi pénz? and
mennyibe kerül ez? but if you use forint instead, it becomes countable
hány forint? or
hány forintba kerül?.
Both of these are used to ask the word which? out of a numbered sequence, but are used for different questions. Think of
hányadik as which? (with answers such as first, second, third) and
hányas as what number? (with answers such as number one, number two, number three). Both of them use a similar vowel-harmony.
And so it goes on… Remember as well as
You may be wondering, what about
melyik? Well this word is typically used when the sequence is unordered.
When you look at an analog clock, you may tell the time in English using either of the formats minutes past hour or minutes to the next hour.
In Hungarian, the format becomes minutes into the next hour.
When the time is a nice round number, there are different ways of saying it.
The same goes for when the time isn’t, this time there are two ways of saying it.
This mini section will go over the four operations:
All the simple equations shown below follow a simple formula. [number] [operation] [number]
Egy plusz négy az öt. - (One plus four is five.)
Tíz mínusz négy az hat. - (Ten minus four is six.)
Hat szorozva kilenccel az ötvennégy. - (Six multiplied with nine is fiftyfour.)
Nem oszt, nem szoroz. (Original image, merging free images together)
Idiom: It doesn’t matter (literally: It doesn’t divide, it doesn’t multiply)
-k,-tplural & accusative
-nwhich is a locative
perccel, kilenccel, hárommal, these are examples of the instrumental case
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