Counting

Numbers


Knowing how to count is essential in any language, numbers are absolutely everywhere. Here are the first 10 numbers with a rhyme to remember them (keep in mind there are many variations of this rhyme).

Number Rhyme Rhyme Translation
1. egy megérett a meggy the cherry has ripened
2. kettő feneketlen teknő bottomless trough
3. három te vagy az én párom you are my mate
4. négy megcsípett a légy the fly nipped me
5. öt érik a tök the pumpkin is ripening
6. hat hasad a pad the bench is splitting
7. hét dörög az ég the sky is thundering
8. nyolc leszakadt a polc the shelf fell apart
9. kilenc kis Ferenc little Ferenc
10. tíz tiszta víz clean water

Also, 0 is nulla. If you want to say one hundred, two thousand etc., just follow the number by the quantification.

Note the absence of a space.

When kettő comes before something or after a number, it is usually shortened to két. That being said, one can say kettő to clear things up so as not to confuse it with hét.

Last but not least, here are the numbers 10-90, sadly there are no rhymes for these.

Number
10. tíz
20. húsz
30. harminc
40. negyven
50. ötven
60. hatvan
70. hetven
80. nyolcvan
90. kilencven

The numbers after tíz and húsz change the form.

Also note that even some of the numbers follow vowel-harmony.

Examples

When answering, you don’t have to answer with a precise number, you could instead decide to give an approximate value instead.

Challenge!

alkoholista Látod azt a két fát odakint? Az alkoholista négyet lát. (Original image, merging free images together)

Do you see those two tress over there? The alcoholic sees four.

Question words


Mióta?

The pronoun mióta literally means since when. It is important to know that if you answer these types of questions with a number, you need to add the possessive ending.

Barnabás: Mióta tanulsz magyarul? - (How long have you been learning hungarian?)

Oszkár: Egy éve - (For a year)

Barnabás: Csak egy éve?! Nagyon jól beszélsz! - (Only for a year?! You speak very well!)

Hány & Mennyi

These two words are both used for asking how much? but in different ways. Mennyi? is generally used for asking things that can be considered uncountable and sometimes for things that are countable, while hány? is used specifically for things that can be counted.

Money is treated as uncountable, hence mennyi pénz? andmennyibe kerül ez? but if you use forint instead, it becomes countable hány forint? or hány forintba kerül?.

Hányadik & Hányas

Both of these are used to ask the word which? out of a numbered sequence, but are used for different questions. Think of hányadik as which? (with answers such as first, second, third) and hányas as what number? (with answers such as number one, number two, number three). Both of them use a similar vowel-harmony.

Hányadik Hányas
első egyes
második kettes
harmadik hármas
negyedik négyes
ötödik ötös
hatadik hatos
hetedik hetes
nyolcadik nyolcas
kilencedik kilences
tizedik tizes
tizenegyedik tizenegyes
tizenkettedik tizenkettes

And so it goes on… Remember as well as tíz, húsz becomes huszadik and huszas.

You may be wondering, what about melyik? Well this word is typically used when the sequence is unordered.

Telling the Time


When you look at an analog clock, you may tell the time in English using either of the formats minutes past hour or minutes to the next hour.

In Hungarian, the format becomes minutes into the next hour.

When the time is a nice round number, there are different ways of saying it.

The same goes for when the time isn’t, this time there are two ways of saying it.

Basic arithmetic


This mini section will go over the four operations:

All the simple equations shown below follow a simple formula. [number] [operation] [number] az [number]

Challenge!

számít Nem oszt, nem szoroz. (Original image, merging free images together)

Idiom: It doesn’t matter (literally: It doesn’t divide, it doesn’t multiply)


Yet to Learn